This was stated by Deputy Head of the Department on Issues of Nuclear Security and Safeguards, Head of SNRIU Division on Physical Protection of Nuclear Facilities Viktor Pashchenko during the XIV Ukrainian Conference on Physical Protection, Accounting and Control of Nuclear Materials. The event was held from 18 to 22 September at SUNPP site in the Mykolaiiv region.
At the beginning of his presentation, Victor Pashchenko told about the IAEA’s reporting system for prevention and detection of illicit trafficking of nuclear and radioactive materials in Ukraine.
Then the expert noted the importance of interdepartmental meetings in this area. “On the advice of the IAEA, interdepartmental meetings are held on a regular basis in Ukraine. Their purpose is to analyze the interaction between the executive branch and legal entities, if illicit trafficking of radioactive materials is detected. This analysis is very important, because it helps to establish communication between the participants and also helps each body to realize its own actions in detecting a hazardous finding”, SNRIU expert comments.
According to him, a lot of urgent issues are already revealed during meetings. One of them is a constant staff turnover in executive bodies and, as a result lack of experience of experts in arranging interaction of the bodies when illicit trafficking of radioactive materials is detected.
Deputy Head of the Department on Issues of Nuclear Security and Safeguards, Head of SNRIU Division on Physical Protection of Nuclear Facilities Viktor Pashchenko
Then the expert informed the conference participants about disturbing statistics on the supply of radiation contaminated metal scrap to national metallurgical enterprises and added that, unfortunately the sources of its supply in Ukraine are not blocked.
“The analysis of withdrawals of radioactive materials from illicit trafficking in recent years demonstrates an inappropriate attitude of the management of many enterprises and organizations to ensuring proper storage and protection of radioactive materials”, Victor Pashchenko continues.
In January 2013, during inventorying in the Ukrgazstroy Company in the Kyiv region, the disappearance of two KP-1 containers containing uranium was registered. “An investigation was conducted whose results, unfortunately remained
unknown for the Inspection. In general, we register a lot of cases with illicit trafficking of radioactive materials, but further developments are unknown for us. In fact, no regulatory document in Ukraine states that the feedback between the National Police of Ukraine and the SNRIU should be. In my opinion, such a feedback will contribute to increasing the motivation for representatives of physical protection services to perform duties”, Victor Pashchenko notes.
At the end of the presentation, the expert asked conference organizers to invite more representatives of law enforcement agencies next year. “There are a lot of issues to discuss with them. First, it is establishing a short course on radiological safety in three academies of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Ukraine. This is necessary for upbringing conscious training command officer who will continue to train the response units under unlawful actions regarding radioactive materials, both at management facilities and in the Chornobyl exclusion zone”, the expert concludes.
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