Need to Improve Regulatory Framework on Nuclear Security of Radiation Sources in Ukraine
The current regulatory framework on nuclear security of radiation sources in Ukraine has a well-developed structure that includes about 20 regulatory documents and provides the necessary basis for efficient measures on the safe management of radiation sources.
The main principles, on the basis of which security of radiation sources is ensured, are set out in the Code of Conduct on the Safety and Security of Radioactive Sources approved by the IAEA. It specifies not only concepts of physical protection and its main functions, but also indicates that the states should pay due attention to radioactive sources that potentially can lead to unacceptable consequences in the event of their unauthorized use.
In the view of increased threat of nuclear terrorism, the Code provisions related to physical protection of radiation sources require continuous improvement to ensure that measures are taken to reduce the likelihood of malicious actions.
The growth of the potential threat of malicious actions in a situation of armed conflict in Ukraine requires a constant improvement of regulatory requirements in the area. The Resolution of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine No. 625 in the revision of 21 October 2016 made amendments to the national regulatory framework. In particular, the “Procedure for Defining Level of Physical Protection of Radiation Sources According to Their Activity” was put in compliance with IAEA requirements.
Hennadii Vahin, expert of the State Scientific and Technical Center for Nuclear and Radiation Safety
“The updated provisions of the Procedure require the operating organizations-licensees to enhance measures on physical protection of radiation sources of the second and third categories first of all in health care facilities, in enterprises of energy, mining, oil and gas industry”, Hennadii Vahin, expert of the State Scientific and Technical Center for Nuclear and Radiation Safety (SSTC NRS) stated.
Considering the need to continue these important activities, the State Nuclear Regulatory Inspectorate of Ukraine under support of the Norwegian Radiation Protection Authority (NRPA) and with the involvement of the SSTC NRS plans to perform a comprehensive analysis and identify areas for further improvement of the regulatory framework on nuclear security of radiation sources in Ukraine.
Uatom.org Editorial Board