69% of Ukrainian citizens were able to name the year of the event (1986) when asked about the date of the Chornobyl disaster, and 52% of respondents were able to name the exact date (April 26). These are the results of an all-Ukrainian public opinion poll conducted by the Kyiv International Institute of Sociology.
If we compare with the results of last year’s survey in the framework of the film “ARTIFACT OF CHERNOBYL”, it turns out that those who know the exact date of the accident increased by 12%. The share of those who remember only a year has not changed (68% in 2020). Respondents aged 50-69, who were 15-34 years old at the time of the accident, know the exact date best.
The lowest level of awareness is among the younger age group (18-29 years): only 51% were able to name the correct date or at least a year. The cause of the Chornobyl accident, most respondents believe the mistakes of management and / or staff of the station — 36% of responses. 26% call the reason for the combination of shortcomings in the construction of nuclear power plant and the actions of staff. The share of respondents who believe that the accident was caused by errors in the design of the 4th reactor and / or the construction of the Chernobyl nuclear power plant and the accident is approximately the same — 11% and 8%, respectively.
The survey was conducted from April 13 to 15, 2021 by computer-based telephone interview based on a random sample of mobile phone numbers. The sample consisted of 2001 respondents living in all regions controlled by Ukraine’s government. The sample is representative for the adult population (18 years and older) of Ukraine. The statistical sampling error (with a probability of 0.95 and taking into account the design effect of 1.1) does not exceed 2.4%.