The IAEA Developed a Detailed Technical Plan to Support Ukraine

Raphael Mariano Grossi held a press conference on 28 April to present the results of the IAEA Director General’s and experts’ stay at Ukraine’s nuclear facilities, the Chornobyl, Khmelnytsky and Pivdennoukrainska nuclear power plants. As a result of the visit, a report was developed and published, which contains information on the safety and physical protection of nuclear facilities in Ukraine, as well as activities related to the use of radiation sources. The report also outlines the initial conclusions of the IAEA expert mission led by Rafael Mariano Grossi and the agency’s next steps in Ukraine.

The IAEA has developed a specific and detailed technical plan to assist in the safety and physical protection of Ukraine’s nuclear facilities. Accordingly, technical support will be focused on four areas: remote assistance, equipment supply, personal assistance, and emergency assistance.

Remote assistance is based on external support for safety assessments and physical protection of nuclear installations, including radioactive waste management facilities.

The supply of equipment involves the provision of the necessary means for the safe operation and physical protection of nuclear installations and facilities intended for radioactive waste management, as well as activities related to radiation sources.

Personal assistance will be implemented through IAEA field expert missions to cover various aspects of nuclear safety in Ukraine. The following is scheduled to be implemented in this area:

  1. Advising on ways to ensure the safety and physical protection of structures, systems, and components of nuclear installations, including facilities intended for radioactive waste management.
  2. Assisting the operator and the regulatory body in formulating new methods for ensuring the safety and physical protection of nuclear installations and involving experts in the relevant field.
  3. Providing the IAEA with updated information on the status of nuclear facilities, including notifications on the needs of nuclear power plants and other nuclear facilities, to provide additional assistance to Ukraine.
  4. Assessment of the integrity of nuclear installations, including radioactive waste management facilities and other installations where radiation sources or nuclear material are stored or used, as well as equipment for their safety and physical protection.
  5. Assistance in the implementation and strengthening of measures for radiation protection and environmental monitoring.
  6. If necessary, search, identification, and collection of radiation sources, their retrieval, and safe storage and disposal in the future.
  7. Support the regulator in addressing safety and physical protection issues, in particular assessing the need to revise regulatory activities (licensing, inspections, safety, and physical protection reviews).

The fourth area of ​​the IAEA technical support covers the organization of emergency assistance in the event of an emergency at nuclear facilities or facilities designed for radioactive sources management. Assistance will include the organization of an IAEA expert mission to assess the consequences, safety, and physical protection state of a nuclear installation or facility, provide support to overcome the consequences, and provide efficient communication to mobilize resources to address safety and physical protection issues.

According to the IAEA