Actions of Population in Nuclear Affected Areas’   interviewing Kyiv inhabitants to check their awareness  

In April, the Ministry of Health of Ukraine published “Methodological Recommendations on Actions in Nuclear Affected Areas”. The Uatom.org website editorial staff interviewed Kyiv inhabitants in the Shevchenkivsky District aged from 20 to 65 and asked several questions to check their awareness. 

In accordance with recommendations of the Ministry of Health, after official notification on the use of a nuclear weapon and radioactive contamination hazard, it is necessary to put on a gas mask (respirator, dust mask or gauze and cotton mask) and find a civil defense shelter. If the civil defense shelter is too far and there is no respirator, it is necessary to stay at home, close windows, doors, air ducts, and vents and seal the window slots. 

If a person is outdoors, it is not recommended to sit on the ground, benches, smoke or be undressed. After coming home from the outdoors, wash or wipe the shoes with a wet cloth. Shake out the outerwear and clean it with wet lint brush, whiskbroom. Wash thoroughly your face, hands, neck, rinse the mouth with 0.5% soda solution. 

Eat the food indoors only. Use the ground water sources only. Use the food stored in refrigerators, closed boxes, basements and root cellars only. 

The use of potassium iodide is effective only in case of an accident at a nuclear power plant with confirmed release of radioactive iodine. Special chemicals (radioprotectors) are used to reduce the sever effect of ionizing radiation on the human body. 

Maryna with the daughter

Are you aware of recommendations of the Ministry of Health on the actions of population in the event of nuclear attack?

– We are from Gostomel and at early April Gostomel was still occupied therefore I am not aware because there was no TV or Internet there.

In your opinion, what would be the first actions in case of nuclear explosion?

– Probably, first of all it would be necessary to hide somewhere in the basement, but I think will not help.

In your opinion, what are the rules of food consumption during nuclear attack?

– It is necessary to eat what is left in a house.

What is necessary to do if you are not at home but outdoors?

– It is necessary to find a shelter. I think in such circumstances anyone can help.

What do you think about iodine prophylaxis in the event of nuclear explosion? Does it work?

– Given that there is a lack of iodine in pharmacies, it probably works. But in my opinion, I think it will not help even if you complete the iodine treatment course.

Oleksandr

Are you aware of recommendations of the Ministry of Health on the actions of population in case of nuclear attack?

– Yes, I heard something about that.

Do you know what to do in case of nuclear attack? In your opinion, what would be the first actions?

– You have to stay at home first 24 hours. If you were outdoors at that time, you have to take off all your clothes. It would be better to throw it away. Only in a day or two you can go outside because of the fallouts or something like that.

What do you think about iodine prophylaxis in case of nuclear explosion? Does it work?

– In general, they say it works but of course you understand that in case of severe damage, iodine treatment will be useless.

In your opinion, what are the rules of food consumption during nuclear attack?

– Apparently, you need to drink a lot of water. Fresh bottled water. You have to make water reserve. As for the food, it must be properly packed and canned.

Yaroslav

Are you aware of recommendations of the Ministry of Health on the actions of population in the event of nuclear attack?

– Yes.

Do you know what to do in case of nuclear attack? In your opinion, what would be the first actions?

– First of all, it is necessary to find a shelter preferably made of concrete slabs.

What is necessary to do if you are not at home but outdoors?

– Again, it is necessary to find a shelter. It can be a subway or house basement.

What do you think about iodine prophylaxis in case of nuclear explosion? Does it work?

– I think, no.

In your opinion, what are the rules of food consumption during nuclear attack?

– Probably the food must be properly packed.

Vasyl

Are you aware of recommendations of the Ministry of Health on the actions of population in the event of nuclear attack?

– Yes.

Do you know about the first actions of population in case of nuclear attack?

– First of all, you have to prepare gauze and cotton mask beforehand and find a shelter protected from air penetration from the outside because of the radioactive dust. Then it is still not desirable to take off the gauze and cotton mask immediately, you have to wear it for some time for you to be protected because the immune response of each person is individual.

But if you are not at home but outdoors at the time of nuclear explosion? What shall you do?

– You shall not breathe this air, you shall cover yourself even with your clothes. In any case, you need to hide somewhere: in the subway, elevator shaft but always in place with exit.

What do you think about iodine prophylaxis in the event of nuclear attack? Does it work?

– Yes, but you have to follow the limit, you cannot use it in bottles.

Do you know what food and water you should take?

– In my opinion, it is necessary to eat more green vegetation and organic products.

In fact, you need to drink only bottled water and eat properly canned and packed food.

– It is necessary to follow these recommendations at the moment of explosion but after that you have to eat more vegetation it is very useful.

Tetiana

Are you aware of recommendations of the Ministry of Health on the actions of population in the event of nuclear attack?

– Frankly speaking, I am not. I arrived to Kyiv couple of days ago and before that I did not have an opportunity to listen the news.

In your opinion, what would be the first actions in case of nuclear attack?

– I don’t even know. Apparently, first you need to find a shelter and first aid.

And if you are outdoors what shall you do?

– Outdoors… may be I shall cover my respiratory organs by clothes.

Do you know what are the rules of food consumption during nuclear attack?

– Honestly, I don’t know nothing about the food, but I think first of all it is necessary to drink a lot of water. Fresh still water, probably with iodine.

So, in your opinion, it is necessary to take iodine in case of nuclear attack?

– Yes.

Taras

Are you aware of recommendations of the Ministry of Health on the actions of population in the event of nuclear attack?

– No, I am not aware.

Do you know what to do in case of nuclear attack?

– I have only assumptions.

In your opinion, what would be the first actions?

– First, you need to find a shelter and then use available radiation protection means. For example, you have to use iodine with water and wear gauze and cotton mask.

And if you are outdoors what shall you do?

– Apparently, I will find a shelter.

In your opinion, is it necessary to use iodine in case of nuclear attack?

– Not immediately, but after attack you have to use iodine with water, it seems to me that it helps to minimize the radiation consequences but, of course, it cannot change the situation.

Do you know what are the rules of food consumption during nuclear attack? Do you know what food to eat and what not? What water to drink?

– I do not know. Maybe, you cannot drink the sparkling water.

Serhiy

Are you aware of recommendations of the Ministry of Health on the actions of population in the event of nuclear attack?

– You have to wear the gas mask and use radiation monitoring equipment.

What would be the first actions in case of nuclear attack?

– You have to find a civil defense shelter if it is available or you can use a subway.

And if the civil defense shelter is far away or you are outdoors, what will you do?

– I will hide in a shelter or basement, what else shall I do? It is impossible to hide under the bench.

What do you think about iodine prophylaxis in the event of nuclear explosion? Does it work?

– This is not very good option. I’ve heard that it is necessary to use activated carbon and even brilliant green.

Do you know what are the rules of food consumption? Do you know what kind of water to drink?

– It is necessary to drink bottled water and eat canned food.

Uatom.org Editorial Board