What to do if you find an IRS? A poll in Kyiv

The topic of abandoned sources of ionizing radiation needs constant attention. After all, not all IRSs, which once fell outside regulatory control, were found, collected and disposed. Nearly everyone can find a radioactive object, so it would not be superfluous to know what its signs are, who to turn to when such an object is found, and who collects spent IRSs. Because these simple rules save health and life.

Radiation has no color or smell, it could be indicated only by dosimeters-radiometers, and a corresponding sign warns about radioactivity. It is absolutely forbidden to do anything with an object that is suspected to be radioactive ny yourself. You should call either directly to the State Emergency Service or the police, who will transfer the signal to rescuers. They know how to manage such materials and can safely remove them.

Then the IRS are transported to the State Specialized Enterprise “Radon”, which temporarily stores them until they are transferred to safe disposal. By the way, if a person has kept and IRS in his pantry or garage, he/she can safely get rid of such deadly property — the voluntary surrender of the source is not punishable by law.

The Uatom.org team checked how much Kyivites know about safe management of orphaned IRS and reminded these simple rules one more time.


Олександр, 55 років, пенсіонер

Please tell, what signs of radioactivity of an item do you know?

— I cannot tell you anything on this matter.

What are you going to do, what services to turn to if revealed an item with radioactivity mark?

— Firstly, it is necessary to turn to the police to fence that place and warn people not to approach to that object. Because, for all that it is radiation.

— What enterprise provides collection, storage, and preparing for disposal of the ionizing radiation sources in Ukraine?

— No, I don’t know such an organization.

This is State Enterprise “Radon”.

—I heard of it. Heard its name, but haven’t known that they do this.


Nikita, 17, 11th grade pupil

Please tell, what signs of radioactivity of an item do you know?

— An icon that shows radioactivity.

Maybe, any other?

— To try it yourself?

The human doesn’t feel little doses of radiation. What are you going to do, what services to turn to if revealed an item with radioactivity mark?

Well, I know that a lead glove is necessary to grab some radioactive element for less radiation could hit upon your skin. But what service to call?

What is the most trivial service to call on any matters?

— The police?

…or the Ministry for the Emergency [State Emergency Service — ed].

— What enterprise provides collection, storage, and preparing for disposal of the ionizing radiation sources in Ukraine?

— I don’t know.

State Specialized Enteprise “Radon”.

— I heard something of that.


Yuriy, 26, teacher

Please tell, what signs of radioactivity of an item do you know?

— It should affect the well-being of person, no matter what, it should emit light or  radiate certain heat.

 Are there any visual attributes?

It should glow, or have some expressive color – radiation, I would say.

What are you going to do, what services to turn to if revealed an item with radioactivity mark?

—  If I came across this, I would most likely call the rescue service “101”.

— What enterprise provides collection, storage, and preparing for disposal of the ionizing radiation sources in Ukraine?

— No, I don’t know.


Anastasiya, 20, journalist

Please tell, what signs of radioactivity of an item do you know?

— Even the phone can emit radiation, cannot it?

Yes, but it’s not radiation of that kind. Any visual signs?

— There are trucks that transport hazardous substances, maybe it can be related to that. I do not know.

What are you going to do, what services to turn to if revealed an item with radioactivity mark?

—  Well, depends on where I am. If it is, for example, the metro, there are always the police, you can contact them or the employees of the stations. If it is a forest — I’m going to look for the nearest forestry post or just people who can help, or just a village — there must be some institution, most likely a communal one, where they can help.

 What enterprise provides collection, storage, and preparing for disposal of the ionizing radiation sources in Ukraine?

I don’t know.


Oleksandra, 50 , businesswoman

Please tell, what signs of radioactivity of an item do you know?

— To be honest, I don’t even know how they are marked.

What are you going to do, what services to turn to if revealed an item with radioactivity mark?

Frankly speaking, I don’t know much either. I know that we collect batteries… I think there should be some public services, but to be honest, I have no information about that. Never thought or encountered. The police probably have to be called.

What enterprise provides collection, storage, and preparing for disposal of the ionizing radiation sources in Ukraine?

— I don’t know indeed and don’t have any information. No idea.


Sergiy, 48, businessman

Please tell, what signs of radioactivity of an item do you know?

— There are no signs at all, it is possible to learn and understand only when there is a dosimeter or a counter of radioactivity. It is impossible by any other way.

What are you going to do, what services to turn to if revealed an item with radioactivity mark?

— To address to the Ministry of Emergency, at first. I think it is their business to do this and call a service that deals with the elimination of such items. I understand that there are other services that deal with this. The military deal with radiological security, they have special units. I think there is a civil service, but I really don’t know which one.

What enterprise provides collection, storage, and preparing for disposal of the ionizing radiation sources in Ukraine?

— I don’t know the name of the organization. But I think that if we have such an organization that deals with the disposal of radiological substances, there should also be such a service, but there is not much information as about the Ministry of Emergency, police or fire fighters.


Polina, 20, student

Please tell, what signs of radioactivity of an item do you know?

— Well, maybe if a special device is held near it, I do not know, maybe a glow, a click? “Radioactive contamination” mark… And that’s all.

What are you going to do, what services to turn to if revealed an item with radioactivity mark?

— To call some service. I don’t know which one. I probably would have called the police, and let them decide for themselves there. Because I probably don’t know the number.

What enterprise provides collection, storage, and preparing for disposal of the ionizing radiation sources in Ukraine?

— No, I don’t know. I have never wondered.


Daryna, student

Please tell, what signs of radioactivity of an item do you know?

— I will not be able to learn about radioactivity without a device, so none.

What are you going to do, what services to turn to if revealed an item with radioactivity mark?

— I have no idea. I would google first, ask friends. I know that I don’t have this device [for radiation detection — ed.], so I wouldn’t check every detail for radiation. I know that there used to be mines of some radioactive substances in my hometown of Kropyvnytsky. In principle, somewhere it remained there, but I do not even know where and how it affects.

What enterprise provides collection, storage, and preparing for disposal of the ionizing radiation sources in Ukraine?

 —I haven’t even heard of it.

 


Kostiantyn, 62, retired

Please tell, what signs of radioactivity of an item do you know?

— If this object is marked with either a chemical hazard or a radiation hazard sign. These signs are very easy to identify, they are clear to everyone.

What are you going to do, what services to turn to if revealed an item with radioactivity mark?

— First, as far as I understand, it must be treated as a dangerous one. Somehow, perhaps, people nearby should be warned, a fence should be built. Like in case of explosive objects. The same measures are taken. Well, I don’t know specialized phone numbers, I can only call either firefighters or the police. The Ministry of Emergency is most likely to be engaged in this.

What enterprise provides collection, storage, and preparing for disposal of the ionizing radiation sources in Ukraine?

— I don’t know. Absolutely no enterprises or organizations. I understand that all this most likely comes from the Chornobyl [organizations] or the ministry that manages our nuclear power plants. This is my opinion.

Uatom.org Editorial Board.